We believe to refuse to test a suffering patient for Lyme disease or to dismiss a case as a “false positive” is irresponsible when Lyme bacteria, Borrelia burgdorferi, have been clearly documented in nature by scientists for over two decades across the Southeast. When so much evidence surrounds us and anecdotal tales abound, it is illogical not to consider Borrelia burgdorferi infection (and other tick-borne diseases) in humans. Every case deserves full investigation and serious consideration because Lyme Borreliosis can be such a significant, life-altering disease.
For further information, see our Lyme in the Southeast page.
The Georgia Lyme Disease Association is an all-volunteer patient advocacy group that is dedicated to the prevention of and education about Lyme disease and other tick-borne diseases (TBD).
Our goals are to:
provide informational resources and a support network to Georgia patients with tick-borne diseases and their families.
Over the past few years, Georgia LDA has received hundreds of reports from Georgians suffering with Lyme and tick-borne diseases. While a few cases were contracted from other regions, the majority of patients have indicated they contracted these illnesses right here in our own state.
To read the rest of the article, click HERE.
- photo CDC
A Lyme disease skin rash (called erythema migrans or EM) often presents as a solid lesion instead of the highly publicized "bull's eye" rash. Some studies indicate that up to 50% of patients don't ever see a rash.
Always take a picture of any rash that may occur following a tick bite and consult your doctor immediately for appropriate and adequate treatment.
On October 21, 2009 the Journal of Clinical Microbiology released the recent research findings of James H. Oliver, Jr., Nataliia Rudenko, Maryna Golovchenko, Tao Lin, Lihui Gao and Libor Grubhoffer. The scientists found a newly described species of Borrelia in South Carolina and California which they have named, Borrelia americana.
Borrelia spirochetes identified on silver stain
Dr. Jim Oliver of our own Georgia Southern University’s Institute of Arthropodology and Parasitology (IAP) in Statesboro, Georgia has long studied Borrelia spirochetes in tick and animal specimens from across the Southeast. (See our Lyme in the Southeast page for a list of articles.) We congratulate him and his colleagues on this discovery and thank Dr. Oliver for his years of research in our region. We look forward to learning more about this new Borrelia species and its possible role in human illness.
To read the abstract of the new research article, click the link below:
(click on title above to read article in full)
The evidence continues to mount that Chronic Lyme Disease (CLD) exists and must be addressed by the medical community if solutions are to be found. Four National Institutes of Health (NIH) trials validated the existence and severity of CLD. Despite the evidence, there are physicians who continue to deny the existence and severity of CLD, which can hinder efforts to find a solution. Recognizing CLD could facilitate efforts to avoid diagnostic delays of two years and durations of illness of 4.7 to 9 years described in the NIH trials. The risk to society of emerging antibiotic-resistant organisms should be weighed against the societal risks associated with failing to treat an emerging population saddled with CLD. The mixed long-term outcome in children could also be examined. Once we accept the evidence that CLD exists, the medical community should be able to find solutions. Medical professionals should be encouraged to examine whether: (1) innovative treatments for early LD might prevent CLD, (2) early diagnosis of CLD might result in better treatment outcomes, and (3) more effective treatment regimens can be developed for CLD patients who have had prolonged illness and an associated poor quality of life.
Flawed reporting practices, lack of recognition of tick-borne diseases by both citizens and medical providers, and the dismissal of cases are only a few of the problems outlined in the October 8, 2010 letter. We again call for the funding for independent study of southeastern human TBD cases. Read the letter sent to the IOM HERE.
The Institute of Medicine invited Georgia Lyme Disease Association members to participate in a Lyme Disease teleconference call on June 2, 2010. This regional “listening session” for Georgia/North Carolina/South Carolina and surrounding states was arranged as part of the planning for the State of the Science workshop to be held in October. The call was designed so that IOM Lyme Disease panel members would hear concerns pertaining to issues that should be considered and addressed during the upcoming conference.
Scientists in the Southeastern USA are not awarded funding for independent, large-scale human studies of Lyme and tick-borne disease pathogens, based on our flawed Lyme disease statistics. Our few “reported” cases make it seem as if Lyme is not a problem here. However, as advocates pointed out, Lyme disease IS a problem here - our cases are not counted and reported using CDC reporting criteria. Many continue to be dismissed as “false positives.” Lyme is often unrecognized in the Southeast, therefore, patients don’t get early treatment that could prevent permanent damage and ongoing symptoms. We called for immediate funding to investigate these cases.
To read the comments made by Georgia Lyme Disease Association volunteers and other southeastern advocates click HERE.
On December 7, 2009 the American Society for Microbiology published the research paper:
(click title above)
Once again, Borrelia burgdorferi was proven to persist despite antibiotic therapy. Although this news is disappointing for chronic Lyme sufferers who held such hope for Tigecycline, the study does provide even more evidence that Lyme disease can be a chronic illness, requiring ongoing treatment much like Tuberculosis. This evidence (in addition to all the rest) helps pave the way to experiment with new, better treatment protocols.
For a collection of research studies proving persistent Lyme borreliosis, visit:
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photo - L. Schmitz
A male lone star tick (above) commonly found in the South. Georgia Lyme Disease Association has documented cases of Lyme disease transmitted by this highly aggressive tick species, Amblyomma americanum. The adult female has a white dot in the middle of her back (pictured below).
COMMON LONE STAR TICK
LYME DISEASE BACTERIA
FOUND IN SOUTHERNERS
For the first time ever, two species of Lyme disease bacteria previously unknown to infect humans, Borrelia americana and Borrelia andersonii, have been reported in symptomatic patients living in the Southeastern USA. Importantly, the commonly found lone star tick, formerly believed by many to be incapable of transmitting Lyme disease, was implicated in some of these cases (just as Dr. Terry Schultze and Dr. Ed Masters reported long ago).
The research, published in the May issue of The International Journal of Medical Sciences, is significant for several reasons. First, only one Lyme bacterial species, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto (Bbss), was previously recognized to cause disease in North Americans. Current testing methods and interpretation criteria, designed to detect just one species, may explain many of the complaints involving the unreliability of Lyme disease tests in the USA.
In addition, the belief that only black-legged "deer" ticks can transmit Lyme disease has been widely publicized for decades. Lyme disease risk has been calculated largely based upon the prevalence and infection rate of these "deer" ticks, Ixodes scapularis. In fact, Yale University recently released a new Lyme Disease Risk Map funded by a $2.9 million CDC grant which was highly contested by many. (They only tested a total of nine black-legged ticks from a few southern states.) Yale's map, based solely on "deer ticks," shows little risk to people living outside the Northeastern USA. Clark's findings, together with past studies implicating lone star ticks associated with Lyme disease (Masters, Rawlings, Felz, Feir, etc.), strongly suggest otherwise.
Dr. Clark and his team identified lone star ticks, Amblyomma americanum, removed from humans who tested positive for Lyme bacteria, including the species of Borrelia burgdorferi, Bbss, already known to cause the disease in North America. Some of the ticks removed from the patients tested positive, too.
Lone star ticks are the most commonly found species biting humans in the Southeastern United States. These aggressive ticks are found almost halfway across the nation - from the deep South and as far north as Canada. This groundbreaking research may clarify why so many humans living outside of the Northeastern USA claim they have contracted Lyme disease** regardless of the absence or low prevalance rate of infected black-legged "deer"ticks.
The new findings significantly expand the geographic area where Lyme disease should be considered by medical providers and citizens alike. As Georgia Lyme Disease Association president Liz Schmitz remarked, "If only one percent of these ticks are able to transmit Lyme disease, it poses a tremendous threat to public health because lone star ticks are known to bite humans so frequently."
Called The New Great Imitator, Lyme disease is often mistaken for illnesses such as Fibromyalgia, Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Lupus, Multiple Sclerosis, Rheumatoid arthritis, Lou Gehrig's disease, Parkinson's, ADHD, and even Alzheimer's.
Georgia Lyme Disease Association is proud to have provided both technical assistance and partial funding in support this research.
** For decades, public health officials and Lyme disease groups and organizations have heard from thousands of patients living outside known "endemic" areas who claim they and/or their family members contracted Lyme disease with no travel history. With 715 cases on record, Georgia was the 4th highest state in the nation in CDC-reported Lyme cases in 1989 but reported only 10 by 2010. Most cases of southern Lyme disease now go unreported due to the different regional surveillance guidelines used. Southern cases are often dismissed as "false positives."
For the fourth consecutive year, GALDA worked with the Georgia Governor's office to issue the awareness proclamation. Visit our News page for more information.
Georgia Lyme Disease Association has teamed up with CBS Outdoor to bring Lyme and Tick-Borne Disease Awareness to citizens across Atlanta in the form of digital billboards during the entire month of May!
Look for digital billboards currently running in several locations including I-75/85 north of 14th Street; I-75 near Hwy 5; Piedmont Rd; Windy Hill Road; Canton Road and more.
GALDA shouts out a special thank you to the terrific folks at CBS Outdoor Advertising.
See larger image on blog - link below.
Tick-Borne Disease Blog
Scientists have identified several infectious Lyme disease bacteria strains and discovered other potentially infectious Lyme Borrelia species in the Southeast, including the widely distributed Borrelia kurtenbachii.
The researchers reported that more Lyme borrelia species have been found in the Southeastern United States than in any other region.
Nataliia Rudenko, Maryna Golovchenko, Libor Grubhoffer and James H. Oliver, Jr. presented their findings recently at the 2011 Ticks and Tick-borne Pathogens International Conference in Zaragoza, Spain.
Read the complete story on our News page.
Read the new article and research abstracts about Borrelia Bissettii- click here.
Study proves what patients have claimed all along - that chronic Lyme disease does indeed exist - and highlights the need to find a cure
A new study from Tulane University, Persistence of Borrelia burgdorferi in Rhesus Macaques following Antibiotic Treatment of Disseminated Infection, was published this month and adds further proof to the mountain of published scientific evidence that chronic Lyme disease exists. (See the Persistence File here for other research abstracts supporting chronic Lyme disease in mice, dogs, and man: http://www.lymeinfo.net/lymefiles.html )
For years, certain "experts" including many who wrote the Infectious Diseases Society of America's Lyme Disease Treatment Guidelines, have claimed that convincing evidence of persistent infection does not exist. These experts have dismissed patients who claim to suffer after treatment, even going so far as to name their suffering, "Post Lyme Disease Syndrome", as if they had proven that persistent infection was not the cause.
While antibiotic treatment may not prove to be curative in some cases, many patients claim that longer courses of antibiotic therapy restore them to functionality. Because Lyme disease can cause permanent damage to the heart, brain and other organs, perhaps Lyme patients will need to be treated off and on again to control the infection until a definite cure that works for every case can be found.
Please note: We strongly disagree with the information in the study about the C6 test being so reliable and caution patients and medical providers, particularly in the Southern United States. Dr. Ed Masters reported years ago that the C6 did not detect his Missouri EM Lyme-like cases while he noted in another study, the whole cell Borrelia ELISA did. Other researchers such as Dr. Raymond Dattwyler have recently also cautioned that the C6 test does not detect variable Lyme disease strains and species as much as they had hoped (see Dogged by Discrepancies article below). The Southeastern United States has more strains (hundreds) and species (7) than any other region; the C6 as well as other current tests may not detect many of these.
© Georgia Lyme Disease Association, September 2011
The CDC’s new report, Canine Serology as Adjunct to Human Lyme Disease Surveillance (Mead P, Goel R, Kugeler K.; Emerg Infect Dis. 2011 Sep.) attempts to define areas of human Lyme disease risk by correlating dog and human cases across the United States. While the concept is good, the conclusion is, unfortunately, based on flawed and subjective data.
First, the test used to detect Lyme borreliosis in the national dog study was the C6 ELISA. Last year, a well-known researcher on the CDC's own Lyme disease diagnostic recommendations committee confirmed that, while the C6 may be specific for particular Lyme borrelia strains, it doesn't seem to detect others. Secondly, although the authors admit reporting practices may be subject to bias, they then go on to rely on human case numbers reported to the CDC for comparison. What they fail to point out are the major inconsistencies known in Lyme disease surveillance procedures among states. Statistical data are rendered useless when what is counted as a reportable Lyme disease case in some regions is routinely dismissed in others.
Can true risk of Lyme disease really be assessed based on such data? The report sure doesn't jibe with what we hear from patients. Read the full article here.
Currently, many public health officials, including those at the CDC, continue to claim Lyme disease in humans in the South is rare to nonexistent. Countless patients and a multitude of medical providers disagree. Where's the disconnect?
If, as we appear to be witnessing, lone star and other ticks transmit Lyme disease, all bets are off. These very aggressive pests are the ticks most commonly found parasitizing humans in the Southeast.
The CDC's Center for Global Health website stated that the Lone Star tick, Amblyomma americanum, and the Brown Dog tick both transmit Lyme borreliosis.